Prayer and meditation are used together so often that you may think they are essentially the same thing. But, prayer is more of a direct outreach and communication with a divine being, while meditation encourages you to “go within” to create stillness and serenity.
There is no right or wrong way to meditate. Those who exercise — especially long-distance runners — often think of their workout as a form of meditation. Others make a ritual out of their meditation by setting aside the same time each day, listening to soothing music, or chanting. Some use deep breathing techniques or yoga poses. Others listen to guided meditation tapes or meditate regularly with others.
But, no matter what form your meditation takes, the purpose is to allow time for relaxation and for letting go so you can let your thoughts and emotions run free. You feel and observe what is within you and, in so doing, learn more about your innermost thoughts and feelings. When you do, you can better understand your fears, doubts, insecurities, regrets, and resentments. With this understanding, you can use these tools to decrease the hold these emotions have upon you.
Source (modified): Morning Light: A Book of Meditations to Begin Your Day | Amy E. Dean | Hazelden Meditations